Science at Bessemer


At Bessemer we aim to ignite pupils’ curiosity and encourage them to confidently explore and discover the world around them,  so that they develop a deeper understanding of the world we live in.   Through our practical and enjoyable curriculum we aim to inspire and excite our children and foster a thirst for knowledge.


Progression in science. Below is link as to how children’s knowledge and skills progress from year 1 to year 6.

Knowledge Progress Map

Skills Progression Map

Pupils are taught how to ‘work scientifically’ through the content of Biology Chemistry and Physics and across the curriculum.   Pupils learn to use a variety of approaches to answer relevant scientific questions.    These types of scientific enquiry include:

  • observing over time
  • pattern seeking
  •  identifying, classifying and grouping
  • comparative and fair testing (controlled investigations)
  • researching using secondary sources. 

At Bessemer we follow the Kent Scheme of work for science.  Below is a table to show what your child will be learning over the course of the year. 

  Aut 1 Aut 2 Spring 1 Spring 2 Sum 1 Sum 2
Y1 Seasonal Changes Animals including humans Everyday materials Plants Seasonal Changes
Y2 Uses of everyday materials Animals including humans Plants Plants


Living things and their habitats Consolidation and application – linked to text
Y3 Forces and magnets Rocks Plants Light Animals including humans Consolidation and application – linked to text
Y4 Animals including humans Sound Electricity States of matter Living things and their habitats Consolidation and application – linked to text
Y5 Properties and changes of materials Animals including humans Forces Living things and their habitats Earth and Space Consolidation and application-linked to text
Y6 Light Evolution and inheritance Electricity Living things and their habitats Animals including humans Wacky science

Key Stage One

Over the year, pupil’s in Year One will work on the following topics; seasonal change, animals including humans, everyday materials and plants.  The topics for Year Two are uses of everyday materials, animals including humans, plants and living things and their habitats. 

Key Stage Two

Pupils in Year Three learn science through the following topics;  forces and magnets, rocks, plants, light and animals including humans. The topics for Year Four are animals including humans, sound, electricity, states of matter and living things and their habitats. The topics for Year Five are properties and changes of materials, animals including humans, forces, living things and the habitats and earth and space.   The topics for Year Six are light, evolution and inheritance, electricity,  living things and their habitats and animals including humans. 

Here are Year Five enjoying a visit from some reptiles. 

There is no gallery selected or the gallery was deleted.

Early Years 

Science in Nursery and Reception is taught by helping children’s ‘Understanding of the World.’  Pupils learn through practical exploration and talk about how things happen and why things work.  Nursery children are given the opportunity to comment and ask questions about aspects of the world.   In reception, pupils learn about similarities and differences between people, places, objects materials and livings things.   They talk about features of their environment and how different environments may vary.  They also acquire skills to make observations of plants and animals and talk about changes that may occur. 

Nursery and reception have planted lots of bulbs in the outside area.  Keep your eyes peeled to see how they change and what they will turn into. 

Science Week 2020

The theme for this year’s British Science Week was ‘Our Diverse Planet’.  We thought in particular about biodiversity and a diverse range of scientist.  Over the week, all the children at Bessemer have taken part in some exciting science activities including a science lesson from our ‘lifting limits’ program where the children will discuss gender equality and learn about some pioneering female scientist.

This year we are lucky enough to have a visit from the ZooLab.  Each class had their own workshop based on their topic and they had the opportunity to see and handle between 5 to 7 different animals.  Please take a look at their website at

Thanks to our team at F@B we have been able to give each child the opportunity to experience a variety of hands on science activities in our nature garden.   We all explored this biodiverse area and completed a variety of activities including looking at birds nest and books, pond dipping, nature hunts and using microscopes.  It was a little muddy but all the children has a great time. 

To finish off our science week our parent volunteers put on a fantastic science fair in the top hall.  

Science Week 2019

The theme for this year’s British Science Week was ‘journeys’ and the children at Bessemer were lucky enough to receive a session in a planetarium tent to experience a journey to space.  

It was all hands on deck for our science fair, with a variety of different scientific concepts being showcased.  Here are some photos showing a few of these. 

Science Week 2018

The theme for this year’s British Science Week is exploration and discovery and we encouraged children to think about everyday discoveries and how they affect their lives by exploring science in the world all around us.  The children across the school have taken part in some exciting science lessons, workshops and challenges.

To kick start the week we were visited by the Mad Scientists who delivered two ‘Whizz Bang’ assemblies.

The children took part in a whole school challenge to make the best ‘bug hotel’ for our nature garden. Congratulations to 5RS and 1LC for winning the competition. Take a look below at some of the creations. 

Everyone enjoyed completing science investigations over the course of the week.  Here are some of the activities we completed:

  • Early years made their own chemical reactions by experimenting to make a ‘volcano.’ 

  • Year One enjoyed exploring giant bubbles.

  • Year Two investigated the best way to melt ice and rescue some objects.   

  • Year Three loved using bicarbonate of soda and vinegar to inflate a balloon.

  • Year Four observed some reactions to make their own fizzy colours.

  • Year Five explored forces by creating their own pinball machines. 

  • Year six investigated sound by creating their own speaker to play music from a smartphone. 

Here are some photos of everyone enjoying their workshops with the Mad Scientists. 

Thank you to everyone who came to our science fair.  The children enjoyed showcasing what they had been doing and exploring what had been happening across in the school. 

Well done to everyone who took part in the home school competition.  It was obvious that a lot of effort had gone in to making your minibeasts and posters and it made it hard to choose a winner.